Upjohn’s Rural Architecture and Carpenter Gothic

During the nineteenth century, new churches sprang up following settlement and population growth. These included Episcopal congregations, which frequently preferred the Gothic or “pointed” style of which Richard Upjohn was the best-known exponent thanks to his Trinity Church in New York.

Whereas Upjohn’s more substantial buildings in stone were built in larger Northeastern cities, the smaller towns closer to the frontier of settlement used cheaper wood construction in the style known as Carpenter Gothic. While Upjohn began by providing low-cost plans to small parishes directly on request for reduced or no fee, in 1852 he published Upjohn’s Rural Architecture, which inspired countless local architects to use or modify his plans, or make their own in a similar style.

These are only a few samples of the rural churches designed or inspired by Upjohn; no complete inventory exists.

Reference

  1. Upjohn’s Rural Architecture: Designs, working drawings, and specifications for a wooden church, and other rural structures (Da Capo, 1975 [1852]). Review Landau

New England and Upstate New York

1024px-St_Paul's_Church,_Brunswick,_ME
St. Paul’s, Brunswick, ME, 1845 / wiki / NRHP
6abe20_783576082e9643e2a822ca2b7a4dca95.jpg_srz_980_620_85_22_0.50_1.20_0
St. Thomas, Hamilton, NY, 1846-47 / site
1054px-St_Thomas_Episcopal_Church,_Amenia_Union,_NY
St. Thomas, Amenia Union, NY, 1851-52 / wiki / Flickr / site
ST Pauls Church Kinderhook Ny
St. Paul’s, Kinderhook, NY, 1851-52 / site
765px-Trinity_Church_Warsaw_NY_Oct_09
Trinity, Warsaw, NY, 1853-54 / wiki / site
Historic_American_Buildings_Survey_Mark._C._Bisgrove,_Photographer_1971_NORTHEAST_VIEW_-_St._Matthew's_Church_(Episcopal),_20_Union_Street,_Hallowell,_Kennebec_County,_ME_HABS_ME,6-HAL,2
St. Matthew’s, Hallowell, ME, 1860 / wiki / site / photos

Maryland

nr578p
St. Michael’s, Reisterstown, MD, 1853-54 / MHT / ASMD / LOC / wiki
Williston_Community_Church
Williston Community Church [Congregational], Denton, MD, 1868 / CH / RDMVphoto
nr826p
St. Andrew’s, Sadlersville, MD, 1878 / photos / MHT / wiki
nr1065p
All Saints, Monie, MD, 1881 / wiki / MHT

North Carolina

800px-Church_of_the_Holy_Trinity_-_Hertford,_Perquimans_County,_North_Carolina
Holy Trinity, Hertford, NC, 1848-51 / site / wiki / NRHP PDF
682px-Halifax_StMarks_5339
St. Mark’s, Halifax, NC, 1855 / wiki / NCSU / NRHP PDF
St._Mary's_Chapel_Front
St. Mary’s Chapel, Raleigh, 1855 / wiki / NRHP PDF
27893237601_c3a2701d75_b
St. Athanasius, Burlington, NC, 1879-80 / Flickr / NCSU / wiki / NRHP PDF
St._Johns_Episcopal_Church,_Marion,_NC
St. John’s, Marion, NC, 1883 / wiki / NRHP PDF
Grace_Episcopal_Church-Trenton,_NC
Grace, Trenton, NC, 1885 / wiki / NRHP PDF
Screen Shot 2017-06-30 at 2.28.36 PM
Christ Church, Walnut Cove, NC, 1886-87 / wiki / NRHP PDF
5793495758_3aafb36d1d_b
St. Barnabas, Snow Hill, NC, 1887 / Flickr / wiki / NRHP PDF
Front_of_Church
St. Alban’s, Littleton, NC, 1891 / wiki / site / NRHP PDF
St._Lukes_Episcopal_Church
St. Luke’s, Asheville, NC, 1894 / wiki / photos / site
Screen Shot 2017-06-30 at 2.42.31 PM
Incarnation, Highlands, NC, 1896 / wiki / NRHP PDF

ALSO:
Grace Episcopal, Weldon, NC, 1872-89 / wiki / NRHP PDF
Good Shepherd, Raleigh, NC, 1874 / wiki / RHO / NRHP PDF
St. Agnes, Franklin, NC, 1888 / wiki / NCSU / site / NRHP PDF
St. Philip’s, Germantown, NC, 1891-94 / wikiNRHP PDF
Good Shepherd, Cashiers, NC, 1895 / wiki / NRHP PDF
Trinity, Mount Airy, NC, 1896 / wiki / site / NRHP PDF
Saviour, Jackson, NC, 1896-98 / wiki / NRHP PDF
Grace, Lexington, NC, 1902 / wiki / site / NRHP PDF

Alabama

References

  1. James Patrick, “Ecclesiological Gothic in the Antebellum South,” Winterthur Portfolio 15:2 (Summer 1980): 117-138 http://www.jstor.org/stable/1180678
1024px-St_Andrews_Church_02
St. Andrews, Prairieville, AL, 1853-54 / NRHP / photos / wiki / Flickr / LOC / RSWA
1024px-St._Luke's_Church_at_Cahaba_03
St. Luke’s, Cahaba, AL, 1854 / NRHP / photos / LOC / wiki / Vaughn
6495688927_963edc6045_b
St. Luke’s, Jacksonville, AL, 1856 / site / Flickr / Caldwell / GRW
768px-St_Johns_in_the_Prairie_01
St. John’s-in-the-Prairie, Forkland, AL, 1859 / wiki / NRHP / photos / LOC / AL.com
767px-Grace_Episcopal_Church_Clayton_Alabama
Grace, Clayton, AL, 1876 / wiki / NRHP
1024px-St._Paul's_Episcopal_Magnolia_Springs_May_2013_1
St. Paul’s, Magnolia Springs, AL, 1901 / wiki / NRHP

The Upper Midwest: Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin

References:

  1. Richard W.E. Perrin, “Richard Upjohn, Architect: Anglican Chapels in the Wilderness,” Wisconsin Magazine of History 45:1 (Autumn 1961): 40-43 http://www.jstor.org/stable/4633696
  2. Loren N. Horton, “The Architectural Background of Trinity Episcopal Church,” The Annals of Iowa 43 (1977): 539-548 http://ir.uiowa.edu/annals-of-iowa/vol43/iss7/8
  3. Joan R. Gundersen, “Rural Gothic: Episcopal Churches on the Minnesota Frontier,” Minnesota History, 50:7 (Fall 1987): 258-268 http://www.jstor.org/stable/20179050
1068px-St._John_Chrysotom_Church
St. John Chrysostom, Delafield, WI, 1853 / site / wiki / NRHP / LOC
Grace_Evangelical_Lutheran_Church_(Stockton)_02
Trinity, Stockton, MN, 1859 / NRHP / MNHS / wiki
Exterior_from_northeast._August_1960._Photo_by_Cervin_Robinson._-_Chapel_of_St._Mary_the_Virgin,_Upper_Nashotah_Lake,_Nashotah,_Waukesha_County,_WI_HABS_WIS,67-NASH.V,1-1.tif
Chapel of St. Mary the Virgin, Nashotah, WI, 1859-66 / NRHP / H-S / photoswiki /
All_Saints_Church_Northfield
All Saints, Northfield, MN, 1866 / NRHP / MNHS / wiki
1024px-Holy-Cross-Dundas
Holy Cross, Dundas, MN, 1868 / NRHP / MNHS 
Screen Shot 2017-06-30 at 9.45.59 AM
Trinity, Iowa City, 1871 / NRHP / wiki / photos
00009561
Good Shepherd, Blue Earth, MN, 1872 / wiki / FCHS / NRHP / MNHS / Lathrop
Church_of_the_Advent_-_panoramio
Advent, Farmington, MN, 1872 / wiki / photos / MNHS / NRHP
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