High church, low church, and the Romanesque Revival

Whereas the Gothic was associated with the medieval period and the established church (i.e. Anglican or Catholic), the more primitive and archaic Romanesque was preferred by the less liturgical Protestant denominations (i.e. Presbyterians, Congregationalists and low-church Anglicans).

Pilgrims-1902
Richard Upjohn, Church of the Pilgrims, Brooklyn, 1844-46 (now Our Lady of Lebanon Maronite Cathedral) / wiki / photos / OLOLC / NYCAGO / BHB
3976558913_f234d81221_b
Richard Upjohn, Bowdoin College Chapel (Kings Chapel), Brunswick, ME, 1844-55 / photos / HCAP / Brochure PDF
949px-Pilgrim_Church_Taunton
Richard Upjohn, Pilgrim Congregational Church, Taunton, MA, 1852 / wiki / photos / MACRIS
St._Paul's_Church_Baltimore
Richard Upjohn, Old St. Paul’s, Baltimore, 1854-56 / wiki / photos / MHT / LOC

References (by date published)

  1. William H. Pierson, Jr., “Richard Upjohn and the American Rundbogenstil,”  Winterthur Portfolio 21:4 (Winter 1986): 223-242  http://www.jstor.org/stable/1181051
  2. Gwen W. Steege, “The ‘Book of Plans’ and the Early Romanesque Revival in the United States: A Study in Architectural Patronage,” JSAH 46:3 (Sept. 1987): 215-227 http://www.jstor.org/stable/990227
  3. Kathleen Curran, “The German Rundbogenstil and Reflections on the American Round-Arched Style,” JSAH 47:4 (Dec. 1988): 351-373 http://www.jstor.org/stable/990381 
  4. Kathleen Curran, “The Romanesque Revival, Mural Painting, and Protestant Patronage in America,” AB 81:4 (Dec. 1999): 693-722 http://www.jstor.org/stable/3051340
  5. Kathleen Curran, The Romanesque Revival: Religion, Politics, and Transnational Exchange (PSU Press, 2003). reviewed Kieckhefer, Williams
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